Gray-headed goldfinch (lat. Carduelis caniceps) – songbird family of finches vorobinobraznyh squad. Sometimes this type is treated as a subspecies of black-goldfinch (lat. Carduelis carduelis caniceps).
From black-goldfinch distinguished by the absence of black and pure white, slightly larger. Length of about 15-17 cm, wing 7,9-8,6 cm wingspan of about 25-30 cm; weight 17-23 g Painting brownish-gray color on the back, head and chest. Male and female did not differ in color from each other. Under the base of the beak in males there is a broad red stripe, in females it is somewhat narrower.
Common in the southern parts of Siberia and east to the Altai, in East Kazakhstan and Central Asia. To the south of its range extends to northern India.
Lifestyle and habits are very similar to blackheads Goldfinch. More connected to the Highlands. This is mainly sedentary birds, they fly only short distances in search of food. They eat a variety of seeds, especially weed seeds (burdock, horse sorrel, burdock). During the harvest of seeds eaten in the Tien Shan goes to power them, deftly pulling flying detachment of cones parted his thin sharp beak. Gather in small flocks. Song less calls, but softer and more melodic than the black-headed goldfinches.
Spring high off the ground (at a height of 4-6 m) on the trees begin to build nests bowl shape with thick side walls and rounded depth trays. The side walls of the core suite of thin and flexible stems and roots of herbaceous plants, closely interwoven with each other and fastened with cobwebs. Outside the walls of the nest woven pieces of moss, vegetation fluff, scraps of birch bark, lichens. The litter consists mainly of plant down (mostly willow and poplar) with a mixture of horse hair, wool and feathers. Hole diameter of 90-100 mm, 40-55 mm diameter pan, depth tray 25-40 mm. Chicks feed on insects.