(Central Asia, steppe, Russian) Testudo_horsfieldii;
Name (rus): Central Asia, steppe, Russian, Horsfield Tortoise
Name (Latin): Testudo horsfieldii, Agrionemys horsfieldii, Agronemys horsfeeldii
Title (English): Afghan Tortoise, Central Asian Tortoise
Testudo horsfieldii horsfieldii
Testudo horsfieldii kazachstanica (Kazakhstan steppe) (Kazachstan Tortoise)
Testudo horsfieldii rustamovi (Kopet-Dag Tortoise)
Description: carapace length – from 3 to 20-25 cm. Carapace low, rounded, slightly flattened at the top, like a pie. Carapace yellow-olive-brown, with dark spots blur – the color of the soil on which it lives. Plastron dark. Carapace has 13 horny scutes, plastron – 16, 25 are located on the sides of the flaps. At each of 13 plates of the carapace are grooves, usually the number of grooves corresponds to the approximate number of years lived by a turtle. The front legs are four blunt claw. The male at least one protuberance horn on the back side of the thigh; the female of tubercles 3-5. Camki usually larger than males. Olive head with a hooked upper jaw. Black eyes, small. Tip of the tail is pointed. Life expectancy – 40-50 years with good maintenance conditions.
Habitat: The tortoise lives mainly in the states of Central Asia, from southern Kazakhstan to India, Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan. Within Russia rare, near the north-eastern coast of the Caspian Sea, in the south of the Orenburg region. There are descriptions of finding it in the south of the Chelyabinsk region, but most likely it was put there.
Turtle inhabits in the river valleys, desert plain areas, sandy and clay deserts, foothills, mountains (up to 1200 meters above sea level). Sometimes there and on farmland and fields.